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Union Education Minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has released the third edition of the Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20. In this, grades are given to the states and union territories under a set of 70 parameters.
PGI was started under the vision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to bring unprecedented change in school education. The index was first released in 2019, taking into account the initiatives taken by states and union territories in 2017-18.
Improvement in grades of most states compared to previous years
Punjab, Chandigarh, Tamil Nadu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Kerala have been given A++ grade in the released index. Apart from this, most of the States/UTs have improved their grades as compared to the previous years.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Puducherry, Punjab and Tamil Nadu have improved PGI scores by 10% i.e. 100 or more points. Whereas Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep and Punjab have shown an improvement of 10% (8 points) or more in terms of access.
Odisha improves infrastructure by 20%
13 states and union territories have shown improvement of 15 points or more in terms of infrastructure and facilities. On the other hand, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Odisha have shown an improvement of 20% or more.
Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Odisha have improved by more than 10% in terms of equity. Apart from this, 19 states and union territories have improved by more than 36 points in terms of governance process. Apart from this, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan and West Bengal have improved by about 20% i.e. 72 points or more.
Index helps in detecting deficiency
This index guides the states and union territories under various initiatives to achieve the desired results in the education sector. Apart from this, this grade also helps in finding out the shortcomings in the field of education of all the state and union territories and work on them.
List of state and grades obtained
|Grade I++||Punjab, Chandigarh, Tamil Nadu, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Kerala|
|Grade I+||Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, NCT-Delhi, Puducherry, Rajasthan, Dadra Nagar Haveli|
|Grade I||Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Odisha, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and Daman and Diu|
|Grade II||Goa, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Lakshadweep, Manipur, Sikkim, Telangana, Jammu and Kashmir|
|Grade III||Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Mizoram|
|Grade IV||Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Nagaland|
Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh got low scores
|20 percent||Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Punjab and Arunachal|
|10-20 percent||Andhra Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, West Bengal, Odisha, Rajasthan, Haryana, Puducherry and Tamil Nadu|
|5-10 per cent||Meghalaya, Nagaland, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Lakshadweep, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and NCT Delhi|
|0.1-5 percent||Mizoram, Assam, Sikkim, Telangana, Goa, Jharkhand, Gujarat, Kerala and Chandigarh|